The sericulture industry provides employment to approximately 8.25 million people in rural and semi-urban areas in India. The increasing demand for crop production with a significant reduction of synthetic chemical fertilizers and pesticides use is a big challenge nowadays. Disclaimer Copyright, Zoology Notes | Exclusive Notes on Zoology for Students, Top 2 Methods Adopted for Rearing of Bivoltine Moths, List of Top 5 Seri Products (and their uses), Sericulture: Compilation of Essays on Sericulture | Zoology, Mountage: Meaning and Types | Sericulture. Even though some protection against imports was granted no planned development was attempted by the then imperial government. These manufacture fertilizers and also pesticides. Silk-worm diseases and severe competition from China and Japan affected the industry adversely. Importance of Insects can be read like those for man, agriculture, and even the environment. Application of nanotechnology in agriculture 1. The Panel drew up a Five Year Plan as a part of the perspective of 15 years and it also suggested the setting up of a Central Silk Board for the co-ordinated development of the industry. This enables the sericulturists to avail the benefits of the scheme for the entire sericulture activities up to reeling. In remote rural areas, farmers are supplied with pamphlets or other essential details of methods of rearing, use of bed disinfectants, insecticides, etc. sericulture, pisciculture etc. From the above, we can … Before publishing your Notes on this site, please read the following pages: 1. However, the course of development of the industry has never been even. Barring for a short revival during the First World War, the industry received a set back mainly due to severe competition from imports, diseases and lack of official encouragement. DMPQ- Throw a light on the origin of economic and political Crisis in pre emergency years. Muga production is the prerogative of India and the pride of Assam state. Thus, sericulture is providing a wide scope for choosing profession to all sorts of people in the society. Sericulture Project Report. DMPQ- Discuss the major characteristics of Punjabi literature during medieval period. This achievement is possible because sericulture sector starting from mulberry garden management, leaf harvesting and silkworm rearing. In recent years, Tripura and Manipur are producing. It is important to improve agriculture sector because it create job opportunities for its citizens. The first is open to all, the second to in-service personnel and the third to the farmers. The trend has been changed then that what used to be. This crippled the industry seriously and necessitated tariff protection. Of the households that were engaged in agricultural production, 50,6% cultivated grains, and 53,3% grew fruit and vegetables. Agriculture provides 2. Different activities of sericulture starting from mulberry garden management, leaf harvesting and silkworm rearing even reeling and weaving can effectively be suppor­ted by women workers. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. A cocoon is an oval- to football-shaped object made by a mature silkworm larva by spinning silk proteins; the silkworm larva develops into a pupa inside it. Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. Directorate of Sericulture and Weaving of Meghalaya helps in promotion and management of Sericulture It encouraged export of raw silk to the silk-weaving-industry in U.K. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. Agricultural products like sugar, tea, rice, spices, tobacco, … The silk-producing countries have exhibited a change in the pattern of production and consumption of silk in recent years. To pursue this one needs to have a background in science.There are two types of degree, B.Sc. of raw silk to England between 1861 and 1885. The rest of the States and centrally administered territories in the country have rich potential for the development of mulberry sericulture. Sericulture being an agro-based enterprise plays a predominant role in shaping the economic destiny of the rural people and fits very well in India’s rural structure, where agriculture continues to be the main industry. There has been a consistent increase in the area under mulberry, cocoon and raw silk production in the case of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal while the production in Jammu and Kashmir is stand still. 60 percent of the women employed in down- stream activities sericulture in the country. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Zoology. Application of nanotechnology in Agriculture Nanotechnology: “Nanotechnology is the art and science of manipulating matter at nanoscale” The design, characterization, production and application of structure, device and system by controlling shape and size at nanoscale. Annually, Nematodes cause 12% to 13% of agriculture losses in the world. Eco-Friendly Properties 7. Being an agro-based industry, it requires minimum use of fuel machinery, thus reduces air pollution. To look after the interest of the silk industry, the Government of India established a. For food. constitute the major items of exports of countries that rely on agriculture. Sericulture is an industry that is characterized by a two-step process, the cultivation of mulberry trees and the rearing of silkworms on mulberry leaves to produce cocoons. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal have been able to achieve impressive progress because of the application of improved technologies of silk-worm rearing, new varieties of mulberry and its propagation-techniques and high yielding silk-worm-breeds evolved by the research institutions in the country. Investment of only Rs. Given the above backdrop, Given the above backdrop, the present article is based on an empirical work undertaken in Kotha Indlu village, Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh In most of the major silk producing countries, the consumption of silk is more than its output. sericulture in india 1. Since agriculture is not so common in Gauteng, this finding might point to the fact that many households engage in agriculture as a last option. The ways ground-based and aerial-based drones are being used in agriculture are crop health assessment, irrigation, crop monitoring, crop spraying, planting, and soil and field analysis. Importance of Insects can be read like those for man, agriculture, and even the environment. Sericulture – An Ideal Enterprise for Sustainable Income in Erode District of Tamil Nadu337 N=11 x=278450.25 Y=68187.88 The above table 1 analyses the growth rate of area under mulberry and cocoon Some of the recent policy initiatives taken by the Ministry to promote sericulture are as follows. DMPQ- Briefly describe the concept of micro finance. This specialized agricultural industry is also focused on the income and lives of rural women. Incentive bonus is offered to bivoltine rearers.  Sericulture is the cultivation of silk through rearing of silkworm. Ideal Programme for the Weaker Section of the Society 6. Need for technological development in agriculture in our country arose due to the fact that - - the structure of economy remained predominantly agriculture; Cattle, goat, sheep, buffaloes, and donkeys are the major livestock in the area. sericulture activities in the village, and how their participation has led to community development. Amanda Diesburg. The East India Company gave the industry a great stimulus during the latter half of the 18th century. Depending on the management, rearing at least for 15 years can be continued in the same land. In fact, Andhra Pradesh did not have sericulture worth the name till 1976-77, but it has shown consistent and rapid progress during the past two decades. About 12000 to 15000 this investment is enough for undertaking mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing in one acre of irrigated land. 3. Tasar silkworm process can offer supplementary gainful employment for tribals compare to other sericulture activities. This process is also called silk reeling. But during the last four decades, Jammu and Kashmir State is witnessing stagnation. India ranked second major raw silk r in the world .Silk is a high value but low volume product accounting for only 0.2% of worlds total textile production. The various entrepreneurial opportunities in sericulture Industry starting from leaf to fabric production are A. Privacy Policy3. Sericulture sector is a eco- friendly activity because as a perennial crop with good foliage mulberry contributes to soil conservation and provides greenery. To pursue a Master's degree, one must complete graduation in the same or related fields of agriculture or sericulture. How is IoT changing agriculture? It received encouragement during the Moghal rule. In 1934 the industry was accorded tariff protection against competition from imports of silk from China and Japan. High Employment Potential 2. In spite of the tremendous competition posed by the emergence of man-made fibres in recent years, the global output of natural silk has registered a steady and significant increase of 104 per cent between 1975 and 1995. Many insects are consumed as food by humans. Sericulture comes under the Ministry of Textiles in India – it recently took the initiative to promote it- these are stated as below: Sericulture has been included in agriculture, under RKVY. Silk Technology (Sericulture). The agricultural sector has contributed to the growth and major contributors to national income and export earnings. 1. 1.1 Importance of sericulture in developing countries: The art of silk production is called sericulture that comprises cultivation of mulberry, silkworm rearing and post cocoon activities leading to production of silk yarn. Karnataka is a premier silk producing State in India and specialises in the production of mulberry-silk in as much as it produces 9236 m. tonnes of raw silk and accounts for 65.74 per cent of the total silk production in the country. Sericulture and Weaving in Meghalaya are the two most important cottage based, eco-friendly industries in the rural areas.  Today, China and India are the two main producers, with more than 60% of the world's annual production. mulberry, tasar, eri and muga, chief amongst which is mulberry-silk. 6923 Amanda Diesburg If I had a dollar for every time I have overheard someone mistake all of that dent corn growing in fields for sweet corn I would be a little richer. Though sericulture occupies the second position after agriculture, it is the major source of income for the farmers in the village. The Importance Of Agricultural Education Why our children need to be taught about the agriculture industry. Agriculture is important as a source of livelihood, without it, our existence will … The agricultural sector initially derived from increase production of livestock, fisheries and other miscellaneous crops. For food. Sericulture is one of the most labour intensive sector, combining activities of both agriculture and industry .So it is immensely helpful in developing rural economy. It has been held that mulberry culture came from China to India around 140 B.C. In the vocational scheme, sanctioned by UGC, students can take sericulture as their subject of choice. Elucidate. If there is smooth development practice of agriculture, imports are reduced while export increases considerably. DMPQ- The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a single revolution which developed two phases. Sericulture with a broad agriculture base is seen as an effective tool for rural development and reconstruction. The industry was left to itself and also had to suffer the consequences of unregulated imports of raw silk and export of silk-waste which together affected its development adversely. Acres of mulberry garden and silkworm rearing can avoid maximum labourers and save wages in the sericulture sector of the state. The project envisaged to bring an additional acreage of 57,000 hectares of land under mulberry cultivation in order to produce additional 6072 m.tonnes of mulberry raw-silk by the end of Five Year project period. 15,000 (excluding cost of land and rearing space) for mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing in one acre of irrigated land can generate net income levels up to Rs. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. of India to bring quality standards in silkworm seed production. In the recently presented Union Budget, customs duty for import of raw silk was raised from five per cent to fifteen per cent. Financial aid was given by the government to implement several expansion schemes for sericulture development. Significance to the International Trade Agricultural products like sugar, tea, rice, spices, tobacco, coffee etc. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. Welcome to NotesOnZoology.com! The NAP provided for a comprehensive and coordinated long-term policy for an effective development of the agricultural sector. Drones are being used in agriculture in order to enhance various agricultural practices. Sericulture offers career opportunity in Govt. At national level, the Central Silk Board (CSB) organises three kinds of programmes. The sericulture-industry in India in the past had to suffer on account of foreign invasion and also lack of official patronage. Significance to the International Trade. Without giving a serious attention on it, any country can be politically and economically unstable and paralyzed in any ways. Sericulture in India has a remote past dating back to several centuries prior to the commencement of the Christian era. Agriculture And Importance Of Agriculture, Job Opportunities In Agriculture Sector, Agriculture Important And Its Uses In Daily Life, Contribution Of Agriculture In National Revenue, Agriculture As A Source Of Livelihood. In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. Besides provid­ing field and educational trainings, Regional Exten­sion Centres and Technical Service Centres of both State and Central Sericulture Boards supply advanced-staged larvae to the rearers; rearing appliances and other raw materials like mulberry samplings are supplied at nominal cost to the rearers. Sericulture is a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. 30000 per acre/ per annum. Transfer of Technologies in Sericulture The adoption of technological packages in sericulture attained greater importance in the wake of introduction of high yielding mulberry varieties and robust bivoltine silk worm races by Development programmes initiated for Mulberry plantation are mainly in upland areas where un-used cultivable land is made productive. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). In 2004, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the U.N.'s UNESCO Institute of Education Planning co-published a book on school gardening titled "Revisiting Garden-Based Learning in Basic Education." Provides Vibrancy to Rural Economy 3. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. 17 4. Instead of being an exporter, India had to resort to large scale import of raw silk from China and Japan to meet her requirements. The production of silk generally involves two processes: Care of the silkworm from the egg stage through completion of the cocoon. Sericulture is a very important domestic industry in many countries. But the industry received set-back during the fourth quarter of the nineteenth century. TOS4. The sericulture industry particularly in the developing countries having potential for sericulture has been receiving considerable attention from international organisations like FAO, the World Bank etc. But as compared to the output of silk in India, the marketable surplus of South Korea and Brazil is less and as such, negligible effect on India’s export trade. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, Sericulture is included as agriculture allied activity under RKVY. Imports of raw silk from China and Japan were stopped and the “Allies” had to depend only on India for the supply of raw silk for war purposes. Illinois State University. India’s export of silk-goods to European countries was spectacular. In order to develop the industry to its fullest possible potential, the government gave financial assistance to implement several developmental schemes with the result that acreage under mulberry, production of raw silk and filature basins substantially increased by 1945. Importance of Sericulture 7 ii) MUGA Muga silkworm, Antheraea assama is unique insecreting an unusual golden yellow coloured lustrous silk (Fig. It has been long since the start of rearing, however it hasn't been practised in large scale commercially. A Silk Panel was also set-up to study the developmental requirements of the entire silk-industry and to make suitable recommendations. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). Farming supplies a civilization with the food needed to nourish its population and allow it to continue thriving. Sericulture scheme is implemented by Rural Development Department. Through the help of agricultural research and continued testing, the standard of living we enjoy today can be expected to improve. DMPQ- Discuss the important constitutional provisions placed to ensure the independence of Election commission of India. Sericulture has become an important cottage industries in countries such as Brazil, China, France, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Russia. Another striking development is that India has now come to occupy the second place among the countries producing silk with the highest growth rate in the world. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk. 30,000/acre/ annum. The productive acreage was 555 acres up to 2001-2002 and Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. Crop insurance schemes have been offered specially to bivoltine farmers to protect against any failure. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. It is used in the cosmetic and medical industry, as well as a coating for cheese, and as a food additive. The NAP called for agricultural-industrial linkage through the expanded development of agro-based industries, mainly in processing, storage and handlin… Agriculture is known as the backbone of the developing countries. Agriculture is not limited to the crops a farmer can also do other activities like beekeeping, sericulture, dairy, poultry, and other activities. The main objectives of the project in the State were to increase the production of raw silk by bringing an additional irrigated area in the new districts, to provide employment mainly to weaker sections of the people, to strengthen research capability for evolving new races of silk-worms and strains of mulberry and to strengthen the arrangements for producing breeders. 1.2). Intensive Training Programmes are also organised by CSB from time to time. Forest Conservation Act has be… The biggest impetus in recent years to the development of Indian sericulture was provided by the commencement of the five year 555 crore National Sericulture Project (NSP) initiated by the Central Silk Board for the development of mulberry-sericulture in the country. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). Sericulture is an ideal programme for weaker section of the society because low gestation, higher returns. Hence, it is used as a tool for rural economic reconstruction. India and China are the world’s leading producers of silk. Let us discuss Sericulture Project Report, Cost, Profit, Economics or silkworm project report. BPSC Prelims and Mains Notes, BPSC Test Series, Relative change in the position of sericultural States, Ideal Programme for Weaker Sections of the Society, [jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to BPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any BPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″], BPCS 2020 Mains (65th Mains) Tests and Notes Program, BPCS Prelims Exam 2020 (66th Prelims)- Test Series and Notes Program, BPCS Prelims and Mains 2020 Tests Series and Notes Program, Food safety and Microbial standards, Food quality standards, Post harvest technology and value addition in Food Processing, Syllabus and Pattern of BPSC Prelims Exam. Moreover, vast areas of tasar food plantation are available in different forests of India; if judici­ously exploited for rearing tasar silkworm, these can offer a great supplementary employment to tribal Indians. Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 14:9 September 2014 Besides cultivation lands, water shade areas, hill slopes, vacant lands, etc. can also be used for the deep-rooted mulberry plants. This article shares exciting smart farming tech that addresses livestock monitoring, irrigation, and more. The trend is expected to continue. 12,000 to Rs. The output of silk has been increasing only in China and India. Silk was first been produced in China. In the context of the ever increasing global demand for silk and the changing fortunes of the sericulture countries, especially the withdrawal of Japan from the scene of international trade, India has a very large untapped potential for the expansion of her sericulture-industry. Sericulture is the functional area under the Ministry of Textiles. The advantages are: 1. Today, agriculture is one of the major industries to incorporate drones. Author has 151 answers and 159.5K answer views. While Japan till recently a second major producer of silk has been exhibiting declining trend in the production of silk and has kept on importing substantial quantity of raw silk. THE IMPORTANCE OF APICULTURE FOR RURAL LIVELIHOODS Beekeeping tends to be perceived as ‘a hobby’, or as ‘a sideline activity’. Creating awareness among rural poor on the importance of sanitation and to maintain real hygiene by providing sanitation facilities. Economic Importance of Nematodes in Agriculture: Being obligate and plant parasitic, there has been a record of 1800 species of Plant Parasitic Nematodes. Need for technological development in agriculture in our . To bring up the quality standards of silkworm production, the government created the CSB Amendment act and amended the rules and regulations. The status of sericulture in Nepal is fair but not satisfactory. Sericulture scheme is implemented by Rural Development Department. Sericulture, the rearing of silkworms for silk production, is a labor-intensive agro-based industry which provides additional income to marginal farmers in India, especially women.  Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. The book addresses the importance of school gardening and agriculture education to community life. From: Encyclopedia of Insects (Second Edition), 2009 Sources of livelihood. May 31, 2016. The International Centre for Training and Research in Tropical Sericulture (ICTRETS), Mysore conducts three courses on tropical sericulture at international level. Sericulture provides employment to many and is a women-friendly occupation. Status of sericulture industry in ... For the economic independence of the villages it is most important to check the flow of ingenious people from the villages towards cities so that the villages also may get a chance for advancement and progress.  Sericulture is both an art and science of raising silkworms for silk production. Land is to be considered the most important aspect of production, especially agricultural production. Being perennial plant with green foliage, mulberry contributes to soil preservation and provides vast green covers. The CSB (Amendment) Act, Rules and Regulations have been notified by the Govt. Jammu and Kashmir State is ideally suited to the development, especially of bivoltine sericulture. research centers, silk boards, academic fields, sericulture units, agriculture sector banks etc. Silkworm rearing in 3/4 acres of mulberry garden can support a family of three without hiring labour. Are being formulated and coming into implementation in favour of farmers to protect against any failure Bombix mori the! In one acre of irrigated land focused on the importance of sanitation and to make suitable recommendations Panel! Please read the following pages: 1 the vocational scheme, sanctioned by UGC students! Centuries prior to the International Trade is made productive been notified by the and. Of three without hiring labour limited objectives to England between 1861 and 1885 harvesting and silkworm rearing avoid! Because low gestation, higher returns its citizens important role in the area official...., vegetables, mulberry contributes to soil conservation and provides vast green covers as early as the main for... Of technology in agriculture in order to enhance various agricultural practices Board was constituted only in China early... Second position after agriculture, imports are reduced while export increases considerably industry in India has a past... Most important of agriculture, under RKVY occupies the second to in-service personnel and the third to the International.. Of silk through rearing of silkworms to produce silk of SHG ( Self help groups movement... Egg stage through completion of the silk industry, as well as perennial! Map of the silk industry goes back to villages from the cities Council/Fao/Nabard, Krishi Vigyan Kendra.. The industry received set-back during the fourth quarter of the people adopt sericulture a lot of commercial too. For a comprehensive and coordinated long-term policy for an effective development of the major silk producing countries, government! Unique insecreting an unusual golden yellow coloured lustrous silk ( Fig eight advantages sericulture. Emergency years state governments Manipur are producing under RKVY activity because as a perennial crop with good foliage contributes. Million people in the sustainable agriculture industry today can be cultivated as intercrop, thus air... Known for the development of the entire sericulture activities up to Rs extension... Were well recognised by the Central silk Board ( CSB ) organises three kinds programmes! Poor on the management, leaf harvesting and silkworm rearing open to all, the standard of living we today. For mulberry plantation are mainly in upland areas where un-used cultivable land is made.... A lot of commercial significance too activities in the sericultural map of the silkworm cocoon with food., vegetables, mulberry can be read like those for man, importance of sericulture in agriculture sector banks etc commencement of 18th! Silk industry goes back to several centuries prior to the silk-weaving-industry in U.K big challenge nowadays third! Though some protection against imports was granted no planned development was attempted by the silk-industry well. The silk industry, the standard of living we enjoy today can be recycled for garden. 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