But he offered these suggestions to Saul to give him an easier way to repent. Samuel, Saul and David. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. What hurt David the most was that he couldn’t go to the house of God and openly be with the people of God, living his life after the LORD as he longed to. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Now Saul lay within the camp, with the people encamped all around him. Besides, he was the sovereign; David was a subject. Then David, with a trusted assistant (Abishai the son of Zeruiah), secretly crept down to where Saul and Abner slept. In this, David trusted that God would protect him when he did eventually come to reign over Israel. And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, “Do you not answer, Abner?” Then Abner answered and said, “Who, you, calling out to the king?” So David said to Abner, “, like you in Israel? You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. 1 Samuel 26 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. 26 The Ziphites went to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Is not David hiding on the hill of Hakilah, which faces Jeshimon? David and Saul parted to meet no more. Since David was so right and Saul was so wrong, it was easy for David to project a superior attitude towards Saul, but he didn’t. The Ziphites informed him where David was (1 Samuel 26:1), and thereupon he marched out with a considerable force in quest of him, 1 Samuel 26:2,3. This time David actively sought Saul out. 26. a. David knew very well that the LORD or other men had not stirred up Saul but that it came from Saul’s own bitterness, carnality, and jealousy. 3,000 against 600 is a significant advantage. The idea is that the perimeter of Israeli army camp was marked by the tracks of their wagons, and it was within the perimeter of the camp that Saul slept. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Though Gibeah, as its name imports, stood on an elevated position, and the desert of Ziph, which was in the hilly region of Judea, may have been higher than Gibeah, it was still necessary to descend in leaving the latter place; thence Saul "went down to the wilderness of Ziph.". sent out spies . And indeed, as your life was valued much this day in my eyes, so let my life be valued much in the eyes of the LORD, and let Him deliver me out of all tribulation.” Then Saul said to David, “. . “Saul, please don’t kill me!”, i. If vengeance belongs to God, it does not belong to us, so we are to love our enemies and never repay evil with evil. Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:11-26 (Read 1 Samuel 2:11-26) Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. That would only change when God changed it; David would not stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed. let him accept an offering--that is, let us conjointly offer a sacrifice for appeasing His wrath against us. 1 Samuel 26:5 "And David arose, and came to the place where Saul had pitched: and David beheld the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the captain of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the people pitched round about him." Why should David go on such a dangerous mission? Having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David: This means Saul went back on his previous repentance shown in 1 Samuel 24:16-21. Morgan on I have played the fool: “In these words we have a perfect autobiography. he was faced with the temptation he spoke of in 1 Samuel 26:19 – tempted to flee Israel all together and live among the ungodly. He neither begs his life from Saul, nor offers one argument to prevail upon him to desist [stop] from his felonious attempts, but refers the whole matter to God, as the judge and vindicator of oppressed innocence.” (Clarke), f. As when one hunts a partridge in the mountains: “It is worthy of remark that the Arabs, observing that partridges, being put up several times, soon become so weary as not to be able to fly; they in this manner hunt them upon the mountains, till at last they can knock them down with their clubs. David knew where Saul was but Saul did not know where David was. DAVID STAYS ABISHAI FROM KILLING SAUL, BUT TAKES HIS SPEAR AND CRUSE. at his bolster--literally, "at his head"; perhaps, Saul as a sovereign had the distinguished luxury of a bolster carried for him. “Its masterfully told stories have captured the imagination of readers for millennia” (19). opposite Jeshimon, by the road. even to the earth at once--The ferocious vehemence of the speaker is sufficiently apparent from his language, but David's magnanimity soared far above the notions of his followers. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. This thing that you have done, the LORD lives, you deserve to die, because you have not guarded your master, the LORD’s anointed. : This dramatic evidence – like the evidence of the corner of Saul’s robe in 1 Samuel 24:11 – was undeniable proof that David had the opportunity to kill Saul but did not do it. Let one of the young men come over and get it. Bible > Commentaries > 1 Samuel 2:26 ... 2:11-26 Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. . Then Abishai said to David, “God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day. 4. Then Saul knew David’s voice, and said, “, that your voice, my son David?” And David said, “, my voice, my lord, O king.” And he said, “Why does my lord thus pursue his servant? Thus he obtained the best of victories over him, by heaping coals of fire on his head. . Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Though Saul's cruelty and perfidy and general want of right principle had sunk him to a low pitch of degradation, yet that was no reason for David's imitating him in doing wrong. Why then have you not guarded your lord the king, : In this vivid scene, David implied that. Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and more. (1 Samuel 26:16) Of course, David very well knew that the hand of God was in Abner's failure; but, as Keil wrote, These words were designed to show Saul (who heard them) that David was the most faithful defender of the king's life, even more faithful than his closest friend and most zealous servant. SAUL COMES TO THE HILL OF HACHILAH AGAINST DAVID. Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand--This midnight stratagem shows the activity and heroic enterprise of David's mind, and it was in unison with the style of warfare in ancient times. So David arose and came to the place where Saul had encamped: The last time David and Saul met David was simply hiding from Saul and Saul happened upon the place where David hid. 25. But Nabal refused to give a tribute to which justice and gratitude, no less than custom, entitled David. Now the Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah, saying, “Is David not hiding in the hill of Hachilah, opposite Jeshimon?” Then Saul arose and went down to the Wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the Wilderness of Ziph. : This means Saul went back on his previous repentance shown in 1 Samuel 24:16-21. And David answered and said, “Here is the king’s spear. e. Now therefore, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: David concluded his appeal to Saul with a simple request. The words seem right but the feelings aren’t there. David wanted the large measure of God’s mercy for himself, so David gave Saul the large measure of mercy. When it came to striking down an anointed king of Israel, God did not need the services of a godly, righteous man like David. Chief among them is the story of David and Goliath, the quintessential underdog story. Since David was so right and Saul was so wrong, it was easy for David to project a superior attitude towards Saul, but he didn’t. Now therefore, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD, : David concluded his appeal to Saul with a simple request. Indeed I have played the fool and erred exceedingly.”. In them the complete life-story of this man is told.”. Login or Create an Account. i. David understood the principle Jesus spoke of in Matthew 7:2: With the same measure you use, it will be measured back to you. . For one of the people came in to destroy your lord the king. The LORD was more than able to kill Saul at any time. 2. May the LORD repay every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness. Click on the different category headings to find out more. c. David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army: As the entire army slept Saul slept near the commander of his army. Abishai also weaves into the matter an element of poetic justice: the spear used to kill Saul would be the king’s own spear, stuck in the ground by his head. His words in 1 Samuel 26:25 express this also: You shall both do great things and also still prevail. . i. Peninnah had Now they try to gain King Saul’s favor again, by helping Saul find David again. He had to continue to run away from Saul to preserve his life. With Saul’s spear stuck in the ground by his head and all asleep, Saul was completely vulnerable. At first glance this text about Samuel’s early years seems not to provide many resources for preaching and teaching. Are you not a man? . But it has been chosen for the lectionary because of its parallels with the gospel text for the … In them the complete life-story of this man is told.”. : This phrasing shows that David spoke to Saul with genuine humility. BIBLE STUDY Matthew 1 SAMUEL. b. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. But David knew that even a sinning Saul was still the, king over Israel (1 Samuel 10:1). What have I done, or what evil is in my hand. Then Saul knew David’s voice, and said, “Is that your voice, my son David?” And David said, “It is my voice, my lord, O king.” And he said, “Why does my lord thus pursue his servant? a. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. (1 Samuel 26:21) but David did not take the invitation. “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 1-samuel 26:22 And David answered and said, Behold the king's spear! And who is like you in Israel? You can also change some of your preferences. David could say to himself and everyone else, “. Israel demands a king (1-9) Samuel warns the people (10-18) Jehovah grants the request for a king (19-22) 9. 1 Samuel 26 -At this time the Ziphites returned to Saul and convinced him to go and seek David out again because he was hiding in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon (or the desert). See where the king’s spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head: This dramatic evidence – like the evidence of the corner of Saul’s robe in 1 Samuel 24:11 – was undeniable proof that David had the opportunity to kill Saul but did not do it. Her husband, Elkanah, took another wife, Peninnah—almost certainly because Hannah was unable to give him a child—even though he loved Hannah. : The people of the city of Ziph – had betrayed David’s whereabouts to Saul before (1 Samuel 23:19-23). But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that are by his head, and let us go.” So David took the spear and the jug of water by Saul’s head, and they got away; and no man saw it or knew it or awoke. Now they try to gain King Saul’s favor again, by helping Saul find David again. Samuel meets with Saul (1-27) 10. 1 Sam. But as David went on his way he was faced with the temptation he spoke of in 1 Samuel 26:19 – tempted to flee Israel all together and live among the ungodly. The LORD was more than able to kill Saul at any time. “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord (Romans 12:17-21). saying, Go, serve other gods--This was the drift of their conduct. 4, 5. May the LORD repay every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the LORD delivered you into my hand today, but I would not stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed. Now the Ziphites came to Saul: The people of the city of Ziph – had betrayed David’s whereabouts to Saul before (1 Samuel 23:19-23). Then David . The LORD forbid that I should stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed. And Abner and the people lay all around him. But if, cursed before the LORD, for they have driven me out this day from sharing in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, ‘Go, serve other gods.’ So now, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD. if they be the children of men--The prudence, meekness, and address of David in ascribing the king's enmity to the instigations of some malicious traducers, and not to the jealousy of Saul himself, is worthy of notice. His spear, stuck in the ground, indicates his position. : As with the last time David could have killed Saul (1 Samuel 24:4), David’s associates pointed out that this circumstance was not an accident but designed by God – and the design was for David to take righteous vengeance upon Saul. Now the Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah, saying, “Is David not hiding in the hill of Hachilah, opposite Jeshimon?” Then Saul arose and went down to the Wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the Wilderness of Ziph. : David trusted in God who blesses the righteous and the faithful. We might think that David had more righteous reason than ever to kill Saul. Bible Track is an online Bible commentary and study site plus a Bible reading plan. And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimon, by the road. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that, by his head, and let us go.” So David took the spear and the jug of water, Saul’s head, and they got away; and no man saw. If the LORD has stirred you up against me… if it is the children of men. 26:10 "as the Lord lives" This is an ancient Israelite oath formula related to the name of YHWH. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. “Saul, please don’t kill me!”, As when one hunts a partridge in the mountains, : “It is worthy of remark that the Arabs, observing that partridges, being put up several times, soon become so weary as not to be able to fly; they in this manner hunt them upon the mountains, till at last they can knock them down with their clubs. Then Abishai said to David, “God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day”. By helping Saul find David again -- this was the sovereign ; David was a reason it... His own heart ’ s anointed Saul repeated his good words and wishes! To opt out any time by peace with God through Jesus Christ that they originated with.... 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